THE PROBLEM: Federal child labor laws limit the kinds of work for which kids under age 18 can be employed. But as with OSHA, federal child labor rules are minimum standards; states are free to adopt stricter rules. And most have in the form of rules requiring employers to get different forms of certification to hire minors under age 18. So you need to be aware of these state certification requirements if you hire minors.
HOW TOOL HELPS SOLVE THE PROBLEM: There are 2 types of certifications required by states: certification of employment—essentially a form of permit, and/or certification of the worker’s age. Of course, the rules vary by state. Here’s a rundown of the state child labor certification requirement in each of the 50 states.